Brisbane Rainforest Action & Information Network


Acronychia oblongifolia (RUTACEAE); Common acronychia

Image: Foliage & flowers
Image: Flower closeup

Image: Foliage & flowers

Acronychia
Photo: Robert Whyte
Small tree to 14 metres with attractive foliage and edible white fruit (tastes like lemon rind) found from northern Victoria to Southern Queensland (temperate coastal regions and sub-tropical shorelines with natural rainfall greater than 600mm. Subtropical and dry rainforest –found along most scrubby watercourses.

Branchlets reddish, leaf scars distinct

Leaves have numerous obvious oil glands that emit a pleasant citrus smell when crushed. Rounded or notched at apex.

Bushfood advice says "put a few berries in your water bottle to get a nice tang".

Fruit is a drupe 4 lobed like a star fruit and almost cubical with a white, cream or pale yellow exterior and smells like a lemon. Ripe July to October.

Fruit approximately 20-25 mm in diameter with small dark seeds encased in husks as in apples.

Image: Flower closeup

Acronychia
Photo: Robert Whyte
Pronounced ac-ro-NICK-ee-a from the Greek acros (terminal) and onyx (a claw) because of the way the curved flower petals look like claws. Oblongifolia from Latin oblonga oblong and folium a leaf, referring to the rectangular- shaped leaves.

Propagation from washed seed possible but difficult. Germination starts after about four months.

Birds relish the fruit. Host plant for Papilio aegeus (Orchard or Citrus Swallowtail Butterfly)

Australia is home to over 400 species of butterflies from five families